In our previous blogs, we received stock options, restricted stock options and restricted stock units.
In this blog, we’ll focus on how these stocks will become affected if you file for divorce. Maybe you got awarded stocks by your company and you don’t know if your spouse has a claim to them in the divorce. Or, maybe your spouse received the stocks and you want to know if you can have this property in your divorce.
Whatever your situation, this blog will answer some of your questions. You will learn about documents involved in your divorce when dividing stocks and the stock division process in your divorce.
Documents In Divorce
Your attorney should gather certain information regarding your stocks during your divorce. This is especially the case if you have a restricted stock or restricted stock units. You and your attorney should gather the following documents:
- Letter from employer that grants the employee the restricted stock or restricted stock units. You only need a copy of this document, not the original.
- The contact information for the company that administered the stock.
- The account number for the recipient of the stock.
- The company’s restricted stock benefit plan. Again, you only need a copy of this document.
- The vesting period for the restricted stock or restricted stock unit. This document should also contain the date that the award was given, the amount of units or shares, and the date of vesting. In many cases, this information will come from a brokerage company that holds the stock. Some larger companies may provide this information themselves. If this is the case, the recipient of the award can view the vesting scheduling by logging into their personal benefits account.
Community And Separate Property
In the state of Texas, whether stocks are considered community property or separate property depends on when they were awarded. But before we get into that, we want to review what community and separate property mean. Simply put, all of your assets and debt are divided into community and separate property in a divorce. Community property refers to property that both spouses have a claim to.
This generally means that the property was purchased over the course of their marriage. For example, the marital home is oftentimes community property because it was purchased during the marriage. Even if only one spouse purchased the home, the other spouse will still have a claim to the home equity and other factors. On the other hand, there is a separate property. Separate property belongs to only one spouse. Usually, this is because the property got purchased alone before the marriage took place. For example, if you purchased a car the year before you got married, that car will be considered your own separate property. Your spouse won’t have a claim to it.
Determining Stock Division
In Texas, here are the following options for the division of a restricted stock or restricted stock units:
- If the stock was awarded and vested before the marriage, it is considered separate property.
- If the stock was awarded before the marriage but vested during the marriage, part of it is community property and part of it is separate property.
- Finally, if the stock was awarded before the marriage but vested during the divorce, part of it will be community property and part of it will be separate property.
- Then, if the stock was awarded and vested during the marriage, all of it is considered community property.
- If the stock was awarded during the marriage but vested after the divorce, part of it will constitute community property and part of it is separate property.
Determining the exact amount of community and separate property in your situation will likely require the assistance of an attorney. You should consider contacting an experienced divorce attorney to understand your unique situation fully.